High quality barley has been found at Banawali. The site gives evidences of rise, flourishing and fall of Harappa civilization. Indus Valley Civilization was the largest among the four ancient civilizations of the world. Indus Valley Civilization is the one of the oldest ancient civilizations of the world. B. Drainage … More than 90% of the inscribed objects and seals discovered were found at ancient urban centres along the Indus river in Pakistan, mainly Harappa and Mohenjo-daro. Entry to the houses were on Main Street while other sites of IVC have lateral entry. It flourished between 2600 BC and 1900 BC (Mature Indus Valley Civilization). In terms … Further, this site was different from Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro in the following respects: Due to these, Kalibangan is not considered a well planned city as comparable to other important sites of Indus Valley. Dholavira is located in Rann of Katch of Gujarat. Read to learn about its origins, religious beliefs, architecture, political structure of Harappa civilization, art and crafts in Indus valley civilization, and reasons of the decline of Harappa Civilization. Statues of bull and mother goddess are other things found in Kot diji. 28. The conclusion has been drawn up that Suktagendor had trade relationships with Babylon. Northernmost site of Indus Valley Civilization; Major findings This site was established to procure wood >>>>> Alamgirpur. It was located on the banks of now dried up Sarwaswati River; and flourished for at least 5 centuries. This is a List of Indus Valley Civilization discoveries. Indus Valley Civilization Sites. Over 1400 Indus Valley Civilization sites have been discovered, of which 925 sites are in India and 475 sites in Pakistan, while some sites in Afghanistan are believed to be trading colonies. The arts of Indus Valley civilisation, one of the earliest civilisations of the world, emerged during the second half of the third millennium (Bronze Age). Pottery of wheels and bead making industries. ", "Hidden agenda testing models of the social and political organisation of the Indus Valley tradition", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Indus_Valley_Civilisation_sites&oldid=1001403383, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Human skeleton, ornaments, 5 meter long and 3 meter clay oven, a pitcher filled with 8000 pearls, Late Harappan seal, inscribed jar, the mould of coppersmith, a copper fishhook, Graffiti of a dancing girl on pottery, which resembles a dancing girl statue found at Mohenjo-Daro. Due to this, Harappa remained occupied for a long time. Nov 22, 2014 - Explore The Made It Mum's board "Indus Valley civilisation", followed by 577 people on Pinterest. Together with ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, it was one of three early civilisations of the Near East and South Asia, and of the three, the most widespread, its sites spanning an area stretching from northeast Afghanistan, through much of Pakistan, and into western and northwestern India. The Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Civilization was the culmination of a long and sustained cultural evolution in the Indus Valley and surrounding areas. The Chanhu Daro has given evidence of factories of various figurines, seals, toys, bone implements so it has been interpreted that it was a settlement with lots of artisans and was an industrial town. Built around 2500 BCE, it was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, and one of the world’s earliest major cities, contemporaneous with the civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Minoan Crete, and Norte Chico. Archaeological Survey of India.Page 19. Excavation at Desalpur (Gunthli), District Kutch", https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263580655_Was_the_Rann_of_Kachchh_navigable_during_the_Harappan_times_Mid-Holocene_An_archaeological_perspective, "Excavations at Kanjetar and Kaj on the Saurashtra Coast, Gujarat", https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315796119_Fish_Otoliths_from_Navinal_Kachchh_Gujarat_Identification_of_Taxa_and_Its_Implications, "Nageswara: a Mature Harappan Shell Working Site on the Gulf of Kutch, Gujarat", "What have been the most interesting findings about the Harappan Civilization during the last two decades? See more ideas about indus valley civilization, civilization, ancient civilizations. This city was destructed by Force or some fire. Rangpur in Ahmedabad, near river Meedar 5. Over 1000 Indus Valley Civilization sites have been discovered. The overall period assigned to Indus Valley Civilization is 3300–1300 BC, with its mature period between 2600 to 1900 BC. So far nearly 1000 sites of nearly, mature and late phases of the Indus Civilization... Kalibangan (Sothi culture). In North, it extended Afghanistan while in South, its extent was up at least Maharashtra state. It is also referred to as Harappan Civilization owing to the fact that this civilization was first discovered in 1921 at the modern site of Harappa situated in the Punjab province, Pakistan. A tar is the major object found here. India Archaeology 1976-77, A Review. A typical example is the city of Lothal (c. 2350 BCE) in Gujarat, India. Banerjee discovered Mohenjodaro or ‘Mound of the Dead’ (on Indus… Banawali is located in Hissar district of Haryana. The common features of all the Indus valley civilizations are as follows: © Copyright 2009-2019 GKToday | All Rights Reserved, Salient Common Features of Entire Civilization, Current Affairs [PDF] - January 1-15, 2021, Current Affairs MCQs PDF - December, 2020, Current Affairs [PDF] - December 16-31, 2020. Further, Harappa was also a meeting point of trade routes … They were good builders. Dayaram Sahni first discovered Harappa (on Ravi) in 1921. The people of this civilization were definitely in touch with the other civilizations especially with Mesopotamian civilization. This apart, the two rows of granaries with brick platforms, a citadel on elevated platform, a supposed workmen’s quarter, vanity case, furnaces, crucibles for bronze smelting etc. have also been found. The city was divided into six sections and each section was built on a wide platform of unripe bricks. Weights of stones have also been found. Skeleton of child, terracotta like pottery, bangles, seals similar to other Harappan sites, Ware House, Industrial area, gold, copper, semi-precious stone, shell objects, and weight hoards, Salt production centre, by evaporating sea water. There is an open ground out of the fortifications. Unlike the Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro where there are two settlements, in Dholavira 3 citadels or principal divisions have been found which have been duly protected by fortifications. There was no drainage system in Kalibangan. Suktagendor was located around 55 kms from the shore of Arabian Sea on the Bank of Dasht River near the Iran Border. Lothal is thought to have direct sea trade links with Mesopotamia because of finding of an Iranian seal from there. There are also no remains of great statues of kings or gods. It started declining around 1900 BC and disappeared around 1400 BC. Go to History Notes & Study Materials Page. There are seven important cities in the Indus valley civilization: Surkotada, … Indus Valley Civilization Sites INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION SITES. Ancient port. Mohenjodaro (one of the major sites, near river Indus in Sindh) was discovered by R. D. Banerjee in 1922. Sutkagendor in Baluchistan, near river Dashta 4. Two archaeological sites found to define Indus valley civilization… The Indus Valley Civilization was established around 3300 BC. ; fine red pottery with black painted designs etc. Mittathal is located in the Bhiwani district of Haryana. Its location along old course of Ravi provided access to trade networks, aquatic food and water for drinking and cultivation. The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. Presence of cooking area, water reservoir in houses. It is a 6×12 meter specimen of beautiful brick work. Weapons and Metals of Indus valley civilization WEAPONS The main weapon of war and hunting were axe, spear, dagger, bow and arrow, mace, sling, sword, shield and armour. The script of the Indus Valley Civilization is A. Kharosthi B. Undeciphered C. Brahmi D. Tamil. A terracotta cartwheel has been found. A. The bricks in other sites were baked ones, while Kalibangan bricks are earthen ones. Kalibangan in Ganganagar, near river Ghaggar 6. It was originally a port and later cut off from the sea due to coastal upliftment. Mohenjodaro and Harappawere unearthed. The water for the bath was provided from a well in an adjacent room. 1. Presence of residential and non-residential buildings. Centre of the civilization was in Sind and Punjab and from there, it spread in all directions. This is also called Harappan Civilization after the first city to be excavated, Harappa (Punjab, Pakistan). 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