The only permanent European settlements in the southern part of Africa before the 1800's were the... Dutch Cape Town and the Portuguese in Angola. The British occupied the Cape in 1795, ending the Dutch East India Company’s role in the region. Portuguese mariners explored the west coast of Africa throughout the latter half of the fifteenth century. Hunters, Ivory Traders. ... Europeans in South Africa 137 Settlement of the Cape Colony 137 Growth of the Colonial Economy 139 Increased European Presence (c. 1810–35) 140 ... European and Arab traders engaged with African The Cape offered the ideal halfway point between Europe, India and the then-Dutch East Indies at a time when the spice trade was still lucrative. selfstudyhistory.com It remained… Early European Settlement Origins of Settlement. This explains the early exploration of the Portuguese in Africa and other parts of the world as they searched for better opportunities. Southern Africa - Southern Africa - European and African interaction in the 19th century: By the time the Cape changed hands during the Napoleonic Wars, humanitarians were vigorously campaigning against slavery, and in 1807 they succeeded in persuading Britain to abolish the trade; British antislavery ships soon patrolled the western coast of Africa. Born in Germany in 1822; first emigrated to the United States, then went to South Africa in 1842. Records show that the Portuguese first made contact with Africans in 1443. Two ships under Bartholomeu Dias eventually rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1488 and traveled more than 600 kilometers along the southwestern coast. The history of southern Africa / edited by Amy McKenna.—1st ed. Adam Renders Famous because he found the Great Zimbabwe Ruins in 1867 and showed them to Carl Mauch. The growth of the Ottoman Empire disrupted overland trade routes to Europe. Movement of Boer settlers in Cape Colony of southern Africa to escape influence of British colonial government in 1834; led to settlement of regions north of Orange River and Natal mfecane Wars of 19th century in southern Africa; created by Zulu expansion under Shaka; revolutionized political organization of southern Africa Imperialism and Colonialism- South Africa Dutch Colony: The first Europeans to settle in South Africa permanently were members of the Dutch East India Company who founded a colony at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652. The quality of the south-western Cape’s climate was not lost on those European sea-faring nations who sailed around the southern tip of Africa in a bid to plot a sea route to the East. This was the original model of colonialism brought by the Dutch in 1652, and subsequently exported from the Western Cape to the Afrikaner Republics of the Orange Free State and the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek. First settled in Natal, moved to the Transvaal in 1848. Thereafter, several Portuguese ships sailed around the southern tip of Africa and the east as they travelled to India. With colonialism, which began in South Africa in 1652, came the Slavery and Forced Labour Model. This material was researched and prepared by Franco Frescura to be published in book form. European traders bought gold from Africa and exchanged it for spices and silk in Asia. South Africa - South Africa - British occupation of the Cape: When Great Britain went to war with France in 1793, both countries tried to capture the Cape so as to control the important sea route to the East. A study of missionary settlement and the spread of Christianity in southern Africa during the period 1800 - 1925, including a piece on the role of missionaries, a list of mission stations, and case studies of individual mission stations. As a result of this disruption, Portuguese explorers were tasked with finding an alternative trade route around Africa to Asia. 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