450 CE), Odantapurā (est. Swami Niranjanananda carried forward his guru’s teachings and philosophies by establishing this yoga institute. It mostly depicts human beings and their association with nature. 21. Image: rsc.cdn77.org, The word ‘Bihar’ is originally derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word ‘Vihara’ meaning abode. The prestigious Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Harvard University has invited him to speak on his noble efforts.  It was inaugurated in February 2018. The Springboard for India’s independence! It became a republic by the 6th century BC. On 15 November 2000, southern Bihar was ceded to form the new state of Jharkhand.   Bihar has the fastest-growing state economy in terms of GSDP, with a growth rate of 17.06% in FY 2014–15. The judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice. Rajendra Prasad – was the first President of India who was born in Ziradei, Siwan district of Bihar. Famous Mithila painters include Smt Bharti Dayal, Mahasundari Devi, the late Ganga Devi, and Sita Devi. Case study of Bihar and Jharkhand", "Economic consequences of ill-health for households in northern rural India", "National Accounts Division : Press release & Statements", "Bihar fastest growing state, Maharashtra tops in economic size: Report", "Industrial Development & Economic Growth in Bihar", "Bihar posts avg GDP growth rate of 10.5% last decade", "26 Bihar districts declared drought-hit – igovernment.in", "About Hajipur, General Information on Hajipur, Hajipur Profile", "For Bihar, P stands for Patna and prosperity", "Bihar security firm sets foot in Australia", "Prohibition forces United Breweries out of Bihar", "National Awards 2016: Here is the complete List of Winners", "Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo (1962)", "For my female audiences, I'll wear a really flimsy dhoti", "Sita temples in India that you may not know about", Pratham.org | Pratham – A Network of Societal Missions to Achieve Universal Primary Education in India, "CM lays foundation of engineering college", "Nitish lists special tag cry as LS poll plank", "Shortage of engineering colleges in Bihar", "New engineering colleges, polytechs to get impetus soon", "Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology (Nsit), Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology (Nsit) Address, Admission, Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology (Nsit) Courses, Ranking, Contact Details", "Welcome to Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology – Bihta, Patna", "National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, S.A.S. Medieval writer Minhaj al-Siraj Juzjani records in the Tabaqat-i Nasiri that in 1198 Bakhtiyar Khalji committed a massacre in a town identified with the word, later known as Bihar Sharif, about 70 km (43 mi) away from Bodh Gaya.. Bihar has a total of three operational airports as of 2020: Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna, Gaya Airport in Gaya, and Darbhanga Airport in Darbhanga. It was also India's most densely populated state, with 1,106 persons per square kilometre. Image: newindianexpress.com. On 28 February 2014, Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar laid the foundation stone. “ Bihar is coincided by very few great Landmarks...The Harmandir Saheb is the famous seat of Sri Guru Govind Singh Has the Xth Guru of Sikhs and founder of Khalsa Panth among Sikhs.  After the fall of the Pala Empire, the Chero dynasty ruled some parts of Bihar from the 12th century until Mughal rule in the 16th century. Many varieties of local and migratory bird species can be seen in natural wetlands of Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary, Baraila lake, Kusheshwar Nath Lake, Udaypur lake.  Sasura Bada Paisa Wala also introduced Manoj Tiwari, formerly a well-loved folk singer, to the wider audiences of Bhojpuri cinema. Raja Kunwar Singh – was the King of the then Jagdishpiur (presently part of Bhojpur district) who participated and fought during 1857 revolt. It spans over whopping 20 km. As of 2014,[update] there are two main political formations: the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) which comprises Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP, Indian People's Party), Lok Janashakti Party (LJP) and Janata Dal (United) (JDU); and a second alliance between Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD, National People's Party), Hindustani Awam Morcha, Rashtriya Lok Samta Party and Indian National Congress (INC). Along with the Chota Nagpur plateau in Jharkhand to the south, these give Bihar a diverse climate. The Haryanka dynasty, founded in 684 BC, ruled Magadha from the city of Rajgriha (modern Rajgir). It had its capital at Pataliputra (modern Patna). Smaller communities of Bengali and Santali speakers are found in the eastern districts of the state. Find what to do today, this weekend or in January. India’s is a country where Cricket is no less than a religion, and the name MS Dhoni is one of the most celebrated chapters of this religion. The name Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word, Vihara which means “abode”. Jagannath Sarkar, "Many Streams" Selected Essays by Jagannath Sarkar and Reminiscing Sketches" Compiled by Gautam Sarkar Edited by Mitali Sarkar, First Published May 2010, Navakarnataka Publications Private Limited, Bangalore. Image: 1.bp.blogspot.com, Bihar is the birthplace of the tenth Guru that is Guru Gobind Singh, and the holy place of Sikhs is Harmandir Takht (Takht Sri Patna Sahib), which is in Patna.  Bihar and Bengal was invaded by Rajendra Chola I of the Chola dynasty in the 11th century..  Vajji had a republican form of government where the king was elected from the rajas. The constitutional head of the government of Bihar is the governor, who is appointed by the President of India. It is 13 th largest state by area and the 3 rd largest by population. Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, the son of a Bihari immigrant, with David Ben Gurion at Lod airport, Israel, in … In fact, the state held a huge significance since the early days of the Vedic period. In 1964 Bihar School of Yoga was established at Munger.[relevant?  The economy of Bihar was projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.4% during 2012–2017 (the 12th Five-Year Plan). There is much more to Bihar than its unique dialect and the famous politician Lalu Prasad Yadav.  Bihar remained a part of the Bengal Presidency of British India until 1912, when Bihar and Orissa was carved out as a separate province. Gaya is another centre of classical music, particularly of the Tappa and Thumri varieties.  It was from here that Buddhism was spread in different parts of the world. 5 Famous Temples In Bihar. 24. Though good soil and favourable climatic conditions favour agriculture, this can be hampered by floods and soil erosion. Image: wikimedia.org. During the ancient and medieval times, Buddhist monks inhabited most of the regions surrounding the state. Bihar Is In Itself Very Famous For Its Beautiful Festivals And Temples Incomparable To Any Of The States.  From Magadha arose India's first empire, the Maurya empire, as well as one of the world's most widely adhered-to religions: Buddhism. SangeetSinha 4.  It was traditionally done on the plastered walls of mud huts, and is also done on cloth, handmade paper and canvas. Bihar Is … With political instability in the Mughal Empire following Aurangzeb's death in 1707, Murshid Quli Khan declared Bengal's independence and named himself Nawab of Bengal.  The sub-Himalayan foothill of Someshwar and the Dun ranges in the Champaran district have belts of moist deciduous forests, mixed with shrubs, grass and reeds.  Some other centres of high learning established under British rule are Patna College (est. BIT Mesra started its Patna extension centre in September 2006. Image: exploreindiaholiday.com, The mouth-watering and delicious Litti-Chokha, Bihari Kebab, Thekua, Khaja are enough to make you a fan of Bihari cuisine. Painting was usually done on walls during festivals, religious events, births, marriages, and other cultural milestones. Places like Patna, Rajgir, and Vaishali are sacred to all the important faiths and that is a great achievement of Bihar. The classical music in Bihar is a form of Hindustani classical music. 1839), Bihar School of Engineering (est. Image: mysteryofindia.com, The tomb of the Mughal emperor Sher Shah Suri and the Maner Sharif have magnificent architecture. Bihar is the birthplace of tenth Guru that is Guru Gobind Singh and the holy place of Sikhs is Harmandir Takht which is in Patna. The head of the bureaucracy of the state is the chief secretary, under whom a hierarchy of officials is drawn from the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Forest Service, and different wings of the state civil services. With old age architecture and new age skyscrapers, Paris... 16 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands, 12 Interesting Facts About Metropolitan Museum Of Art, New York City, 21 Interesting Facts About Hyde Park, London, 16 Interesting Facts About Matryoshka Dolls, 19 Lesser Known Facts About Sentinel Island, 12 Interesting Facts About Ethiopian Highlands, 5 Interesting Facts About Joseph Schooling.  The state's debt was estimated at 77% of GDP by 2007.  Additionally, almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, giving Bihar the highest proportion of young people of any Indian state. Famous Persons from Bihar. [needs update]. Motihari in the East Champaran district of Bihar was perhaps the first laboratory of the Gandhian experiment in Satyagraha, and it would be apt to say that it has been the springboard for India’s independence. For centuries it was the principal seat of imperial powers and the main focus of Indian culture and civilization. It is one of the oldest universities in the world and was known as a storehouse of knowledge during the ancient days. Since antiquity, Bodh Gaya has remained the object of pilgrimage and veneration both for Hindus and Buddhists. The hill of Gridhrakuta in Rajgir is perhaps the most important place related to the life of Buddha, as this is where the Buddha delivered most of his sermons. Vessels capable of accommodating five hundred merchants were known to ply this river in the ancient period, when it served as a conduit for overseas trade. If you wish to visit Bihar for religious purposes and wwant to know which are the famous temples in Bihar then here is … Probably the oldest university in India, Nalanda is an important site to visit in Bihar. Best Time: October to February Its origin can be traced to 1886, with the establishment of a survey training school, subsequently renamed Bihar College of Engineering in 1932. The Communist Party of India had a strong presence in Bihar at one time, which has since weakened.  Despite these shortcomings, Bihar has shown gradual signs of improvement for female health workers, death rate, and infant, neo-natal, child and maternal morality rates.  As of December 2013, there are seven government engineering colleges in the public sector, and 12 engineering colleges in the private sector, besides government-aided BIT Patna and Women's Institute of Technology, Darbhanga. Steps are being taken to revive the ancient Nalanda Mahavihara as Nalanda International University.  BCE, Bhagalpur, MIT, Muzaffarpur, and the National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Hajipur (NIPER) are in Bihar.  Bihar is striving to increase female literacy, now at 53.3%.  Proponents have called for Bhojpuri and Magahi to receive the same status. , The famous Jain temple Jal Mandir at Pawapuri, Sita Kund at Sitamarhi, Mithila, Bihar is believed to be the birthplace of Hindu Goddess Sita, Biharbandhu was the first Hindi newspaper published in Bihar. Films such as Bidesiya ("Foreigner", 1963, directed by S. N. Tripathi) and Ganga ("Ganges", 1965, directed by Kundan Kumar) were profitable and popular, but in general Bhojpuri films were not commonly produced in the 1960s and 1970s. He also served as the chief minister and the governor general of the country.  Corruption is enabled as Bihar lacks continuity and transparency of health reporting as required by the Clinical Establishments Act of 2010. One is Mithila painting, a style used in the Mithila region of Bihar. In 2010 Government of Bihar established Bihar Agricultural University at Sabour in Bhagalpur district. It holds significance because of its ancient monuments and tourist attractions. , In 2001, Bhojpuri films regained popularity with Saiyyan Hamar ("My Sweetheart", directed by Mohan Prasad), which raised actor Ravi Kishan to prominence. The major ones are Bhojpuri, Maithili and Magahi, but smaller ones such as Angika and Bajjika (sometimes considered a Maithili dialect) also are spoken by large numbers.  According to Ministry of Health statistics, the greatest shortfalls are for physicians and specialists at 75%. Mithila painting is also called Madhubani art. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Vaishali, Bihar, India named after King Vishal of the Mahabharata age is the first republic of the world. On 3 July 2013, chief minister Nitish Kumar laid foundation stone for a new campus of National Institute of Electronics & Information Technology in Amara village, near Bihta township. Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit word. 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